Mumps is an infectious viral infection that causes swollen salivary glands. Swelling can occur on one side or two sides at once, and accompanied by pain.
Most of these diseases attack children aged 2-15 years. Very rare cases found mumps in children aged less than 2 years. Mumps can also be suffered by adults, and the symptoms will feel more severe.
The doctor will perform a physical examination followed by a laboratory examination to diagnose mumps. The examination is focused on areas that are swollen and reddish. Usually, areas that experience swelling will feel harder than the surrounding skin conditions.
In addition, the doctor will take saliva samples to determine the pump virus. Sale produced by mumps can show the cause of infection. Normally normal saliva appears clearer than salivary parotitis with bacterial pump infection.
Symptoms of mumps disease are the pain in one or both salivary glands. This disease will cause the gland becomes swollen and make the patient has a mild fever and does not feel well. In addition, the patient’s appetite will also be reduced to feel weak.
Peak swelling lasts for 1-3 days and ends at 3-7 days. Other symptoms that may be found are swelling or lumps that appear on the male testes.
In most cases, all children with mumps will recover completely after a week. However, sometimes symptoms worsen after about 2 weeks. This can result in complications. Complications can occur in organs other than the salivary glands, especially if the infection occurs after puberty. Here are some complications that can happen to mumps:
- Inflammation of one or both testes. Once cured, the affected testicle may shrink. Rarely permanent testicular damage resulting in infertility in men.
- Inflammation of one or both ovaries. Arise mild abdominal pain and rarely cause infertility in women.
- Inflammation of the brain or the lining of the brain. This is the worst complication of symptoms such as a headache, numbness, sleepiness, seizures, and coma. Approximately 5-10% of patients experience inflammation of the brain and most will recover completely.
- Inflammation of the pancreas. This complication generally occurs at the end of the first week. Patients feel nausea and vomiting accompanied by abdominal pain. These
- symptoms will disappear within 1 week and the patient will recover completely.
- Kidney inflammation. This complication can cause the patient to urinate a thick urine in large quantities.
Inflammation of the joint. This complication causes pain in one or several joints.
People with mumps should undergo a break to relieve fever and reduce swollen glands. Because this disease causes the patient difficult to swallow, preferably the consumption of soft foods such as porridge. Also, avoid acid drinks because it can cause pain.
To reduce the pain due to swelling, the patient can compress the cheek or neck area that became the site of swelling. Pain relief medications (eg acetaminophen or ibuprofen) can be used to treat headaches that also arise. Do not give aspirin as a pain reliever in children mumps, because it can be risky cause Reye syndrome.
If there is swelling of the testes, should the patient undergo a bed rest? Then, if there are nausea and vomiting due to pancreatitis, fluids can be given through the infusion.
Mumps prevention can be done by using the vaccine. Vaccines used are mumps or parotitis vaccine. This vaccine is usually combined with measles and rubella vaccines.
Doctors recommend that this vaccine is given early in the child. The first vaccine is given when the child is 12-15 months old. Then, the second vaccine is given between the ages of 4-6 years, or at the age of 11-12 years if previously no vaccine was given.
In addition to vaccines, you can also prevent mumps by applying a healthy lifestyle. Such as reducing the consumption of foods high in salt and sugar, away from fried foods and bosentan, exercise regularly, and adequate rest.
Mumps disease is caused by the virus paramyxovirus. The virus is transmitted through saliva splashes derived from sneezing or a cough with mumps. Transmission of this disease can also occur when in direct contact with objects contaminated by the patient’s saliva. Although contagious, when compared with measles or chicken pox, mumps are not very contagious.
Because mumps includes infectious diseases, it’s good to keep infected people at home. The doctors agree for the incubation period is 14-24 days.