Disease Characterized By Failure Of The Blood To Clot

I attach some abnormalities and diseases to the human circulatory system. Please check the link below yea, there are approximately 16 disorders and diseases … may be useful! ^^

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Abnormalities in the Circulatory System

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Here are some abnormalities/diseases of the human circulatory system:

 

1. ANEMIA
Anemia is a condition in which the body lacks hemoglobin and red blood cells. Lack of Hb can be caused by lack of eating foods containing iron, for example, green vegetables, liver, meat, and green vegetables. Red cell redness can be caused by Plasmodium (the cause of malaria) Which feed on red blood cells.

Causes of anemia:

The body lacks Hb and red blood cells, heredity, menstruation, pregnancy, conditions such as cancer, kidney failure, or liver failure, and low nutritional intake as well as food.

Due to anemia:

Anemia causes the body to be deprived of oxygen so that the body feels lethargic, dizziness, pale face, pale eyelids, frequent fatigue, often nausea, pale fingertips, often shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat, hair loss, and decreased immunity.

Prevention and treatment of anemia:

Many eat foods that contain iron, eat lots of foods that help absorption of iron (tomatoes, bananas, papaya, etc.), reduce drinks that slow the absorption of iron (coffee, tea, red wine), and diligently check the health condition.

Patients can be given iron supplements, eat lots of green vegetables if it is severe blood transfusion can be done.

 

2. THALASSEMIA
Thalassemia is an anemic disease that is inherited, often present in infants and children. Thalassemia is not a contagious disease.

Thalassemia divided by 2: major thalassemia and minor thalassemia.

Thalassemia major:
Symptoms: pale, enlarged abdomen caused by enlarged liver and spleen, black skin, brittle bones, and easily broken.

Major thalassemia is inherited from parents who carry both thalassemia genes.

Handling:

Perform lifetime blood transfusions, monitor heart function, lung, and pancreas, as well as spinal cord transplant in order for thalassemia major to be minor thalassemia.

Minor thalassemia occurs without any symptoms. However, when checked for blood, it would show that people with HB deficiency and small red blood cell size.
Handling:

One of the treatments is to have a lifetime blood transfusion under certain conditions.

Causes of thalassemia:

Damage of hemoglobin-forming genes (Hb).

Due to thalassemia:

Characterized by an irregular form of red blood cells (due to the failure of Hb formation) so that the red blood cell bind to O2 and CO2 is less. In patients with thalassemia, red blood cells are easily damaged and are shorter in life than normal erythrocytes (120 days). Patients with thalassemia experience similar symptoms of anemia sufferers.

Prevention and treatment of thalassemia:

Thalassemia has no cure. As a treatment, a blood transfusion can be done (2 weeks) to keep Hb levels in the body + 12 gr / dL, avoid salted or acidified foods, and gene therapy.

 

3. HEART ATTACK
A heart attack is a condition of cessation of blood flow to the heart, although only for a moment, which resulted in some heart cells to die.

Causes of a heart attack:

Can be caused by high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, and lack of exercise. High cholesterol can block the blood vessels, so the supply of oxygen to the heart is inhibited.

Heart attack:

Patients experience chest pain, anxiety, pallor, skin feels cold, shortness of breath, and easily tired. Heart attacks are great and do not get help as soon as possible cause heart failure pumping blood that can cause death.

Heart attack prevention and treatment:

Avoid things that can damage the heart vessels (excessive cholesterol, excessive fat, etc.), not smoke, exercising regularly, having a healthy lifestyle, avoiding excessive stress, reducing excess weight, not drinking alcohol, and adequate rest.

Heart attack sufferers can eat low-fat foods, do not consume excessive carbohydrates, and change lifestyles become healthier.