Microdontia is a condition in which the tooth has a size smaller than normal size. Microdontia is more common in fixed teeth than in the deciduous teeth. In addition, this tooth disorder is also more often experienced by women than men.
Microdontia can be known by doing the clinical examination, ie by looking at the condition of the tooth directly. In addition, radiography can also be done to see the shape of the teeth involved.
In terms of size, the crown of a tooth with microdontia appears smaller than the normal size. This dental crown is also generally shorter than normal size.
Microdontia teeth can be conical or just like normal teeth, but with a smaller size.
Microdontia can occur in all teeth or involve only one tooth. However, microdontia can also occur in one tooth intact, at the crown of the tooth alone, or at the root of it.
Microdontia handling is usually done by improving the shape and size of the teeth. For example, fillings using colored patch materials with tooth color, or crown installation.
Microdontia treatment can also coincide with the treatment of braces. It is useful to close the room between teeth when needed. Consult a dentist for appropriate treatment, especially if your teeth include microdontia.
Typically, microdontia cases that occur throughout the tooth are associated with radiation or chemotherapy treatment during the growth stage of the tooth. Meanwhile, microdontia that gather in one area of the tooth is thought to be caused by a mutation in a particular gene.
Microdontia is also associated with dwarf bone growth and Fanconi anemia. This disorder may coexist with other diseases, such as chromosomal abnormalities or ectodermal dysplasia syndrome. In addition, microdontia is often encountered in cleft lip disorders.