Yellow eyes may indicate a medical problem in the body. Yellow eyes are usually caused by liver dysfunction, gallbladder, pancreas, or some other things.
The white part of the eye is called sclera (sclera). And in medical terms, the yellow eye is called scleral icterus. But actually the color change is not the sclera, but the conjunctiva is the outer layer of the thin eye except the cornea (black eye area). Yellow eyes may be a symptom of some of the following diseases:
Yellow eye is one of the symptoms of jaundice. Jaundice occurs when there is too much bilirubin in the blood, a yellow compound derived from the breakdown of hemoglobin (the oxygen-carrying component in red blood cells). When the red blood cells rupture, hemoglobin breaks into heme and globin. From this heme, bilirubin originated. Bilirubin will then be processed in the liver, then into the bile ducts, and finally discharged through the stool. If one of these processes does not occur, bilirubin will accumulate in the body and cause the skin, including the eyes, to turn yellow.
This disease can occur in infants, children, and also adults. Jaundice may show liver damage in adults and if not identified and treated, it can lead to liver failure. Whereas in newborns, jaundice is common because extra red blood cells begin to break as soon as they are born. But the liver is slow to process bilirubin. In breastfed infants, jaundice is thought to be caused by inadequate milk intake.
Cirrhosis of the liver
Cirrhosis of the liver is scarring of the liver caused by liver damage in the long run and persistent. Scar tissue replaces healthy tissue in the liver and prevents the liver from working properly. Symptoms that arise from cirrhosis of the liver in advanced stage one of them is jaundice.
Cirrhosis can be caused by long-term alcohol abuse, hepatitis B and C, fatty liver, bile duct destruction, primary sclerosing cholangitis, parasitic infections, accumulation of iron in the body (hemochromatosis ), Genetic digestive disorders (Alagille syndrome), Wilson’s disease (copper buildup in liver organ), infections and liver cancer, and others.
The liver produces bile that is collected in the gallbladder and is passed through the bile ducts. The gallbladder is responsible for releasing bile to help the body digest fat. A person may experience jaundice if the bile duct is blocked. The blockage can be caused by gallstones.
Blockage by gallstones causes upper right abdominal pain and cramps. Gallstones are caused by several things, including genetics, weight, decreased gallbladder movement, diet, too much cholesterol in the bile, and the inability of the gallbladder to empty itself properly.
The pancreatic ducts and bile ducts unite flow into the small intestine. If the pancreatic duct is inhibited, the bile may also not flow properly and jaundice may occur. Pancreatic cancer can cause this blockage to occur.
Yellow eyes may be caused by the abnormalities of red blood cells so easily break themselves. Blood disorders that can make the yellow eye include hemolytic anemia (premature destruction of red blood cells) caused by drugs,
reactions due to blood transfusion mismatch, and sickle cell anemia (a condition in which red blood cells are abnormally shaping). With an abnormal and fragile form of blood cells, bilirubin will accumulate in the bloodstream. This is what can cause yellow eyes.
In addition to illness, yellow eyes can also be caused by side effects of drug consumption such as amlodipine (to treat angina and high blood pressure), rifampin (to treat TB), valdecoxib (relieve rheumatic symptoms), didanosine (for the treatment of HIV), isotretinoin (treat acne Nodular severe), and others.