Depression is a mood disorder that causes feelings of sadness and loss of interest constantly. Depression usually affects a person’s thinking and behavior and can lead to various physical and emotional problems.
Someone who is experiencing depression can experience problems in performing daily activities. In fact, they often feel that life is no use anymore.
However, a person with depression does not mean a weak figure. Because depression is a disease that can be cured.
If left untreated, depression can lead to dangerous complications. For example, anxiety disorder, panic disorder or social phobia. People who suffer from depression tend to be socially isolated so that the desire to commit suicide.
In addition, they are also vulnerable to hurt his own body. For example, cut out certain parts of the body.
Depression can worsen if left untreated. Untreated depression can lead to emotional problems, behavioral and health problems that can affect every facet of your life, and even lead to death.
In addition to a consulting physician, to diagnose depression are also needed psychological evaluation by a psychiatrist. You will be prompted to answer and fill in some of the questions included in the guide to determine depression.
The doctor will also perform a physical examination if necessary. Depression can also be caused due to the side effects of certain diseases.
Therefore, doctors can also perform laboratory tests such as complete blood count or a thyroid test to determine your thyroid function
Keywords of depression is a blue mood and loss of interest in activities that previously you prefer. To establish a diagnosis of depression, psychiatrists need to watch the signs were there, at least for two weeks.
The symptoms of depression occur at least two weeks. Some patients may suffer from depression severe enough to interfere with daily activities. For example, in work, school, social activities, or in interacting with others. Most other patients may also feel unhappy without knowing why.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) is a guide that is widely used in the diagnosis of mental disorders. According to these guidelines, a person’s depressive illness can be suffered if he had at least five of the following symptoms:
- Feelings of depression / depressed most of the day, especially in the morning
- Fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day
- Feeling worthless or guilty almost every day
- Impaired concentration, uncertainty
- Have trouble sleeping or even oversleeping
- Reduced interest and interest in all activities
- Thoughts of death or suicidal ideation recurring
- Anxiety or become sluggish
- Decrease or significant weight gain
Up to now, there is no drug that completely cures and relieves depression. The depressed patients taking the drug recommended for routine depression and psychological counseling. This method is effective for most people with depression.
If you are severely depressed, then you may need to be hospitalized or outpatient therapy program until symptoms improve. Here are the types of drugs that are used as depression or antidepressant drugs:
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs): fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline.
- Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs): duloxetine, venlafaxine, desvenlafaxine.
- Norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitors (NDRIs): bupropion
Atypical antidepressants: trazodone, mirtazapine.
- Tricyclic antidepressants: imipramine, nortriptyline, amitriptyline, doxepin, trimipramine, desipramine.
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs): tranylcypromine, phenelzine, isocarboxazid.
In addition to taking medication, people with depression can also follow psychotherapy. Psychotherapy is a general term for depression by talking about your condition and related issues with your doctor or counselor. Psychotherapy is also known as talk therapy or psychological therapy.
There is no sure way to prevent depression. However, you can do the following things that might be useful:
- Perform stress control measures, to improve the resilience and self-confidence.
- Put yourself with family and friends, especially at times heavy, to help you through it.
- Seek immediate treatment at the earliest sign of depression appears to help prevent depression worse.
Consider getting a long-term maintenance therapy to prevent depressive symptoms reappeared.
Tip Relieve Depression
Depression is indeed a disease that has no cure, but those who already suffer from depression can take various actions to alleviate the symptoms of depression, such as the following:
Do not stop taking depression medication before telling your doctor. Stopping treatment suddenly or forgetting to take multiple doses of the drug can cause symptoms resembling withdrawal symptoms and can worsen the symptoms of depression.
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, some antidepressants may pose a risk to the fetus or child who is breastfeeding. Talk to your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Live a simple life. Perhaps you should allow yourself to do less work or activity if you feel tired or weak.
- Write a diary to improve your mood.
- Read a book or Web sites that can help you get better.
- Do not confine yourself or separate themselves from social activities.
- Find some way to relax and cope with stress.
Do not make important decisions when you feel upset or moody because maybe you’re not thinking clearly.
Until now, not known exactly what causes depression. However, this disease can be influenced by various factors, such as:
- Biological changes. People with depression have physical changes in their brains. Changes in question can not be explained with certainty.
- The instability of the chemical reactions in the brain. In one study found if the chemicals found in the brain may play a role in depression. Changes in brain chemicals that will cause changes in a person’s mood stability.
- Hormonal changes. Changes in the hormonal balance in the body can lead to depression.
Hormonal changes can occur during pregnancy, during a few weeks or months after delivery, due to thyroid problems, menopause, or other conditions.
- Family descent. Depression is more common in people who are in his blood family also have this condition. Researchers are still trying to find the genes that may be involved in causing depression.
In addition to the factors above, some of these factors also potentially increase the risk of the emergence of depression in a person.
Have low self-esteem and too dependent on others, often blame themselves, and pessimistic.
- Experienced traumatic or stressful events. For example, sexual abuse or physical abuse, death or loss of a loved one, a difficult relationship with someone, or financial problems.
- Experiencing childhood trauma or depression that began as teenagers or children.
- Have a different sexual identity as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender in situations that do not support.
- Have other mental disorders, such as anxiety disorders, eating disorders, or post-traumatic stress.
- Dependence on alcohol or drugs.
- Chronic illness or serious illness, including cancer, stroke, chronic pain, or heart disease.
Being in a particular treatment, such as taking some hypertension medications or sleeping pills. Some experts found no association of depression with consumption of certain chemical drugs. Sebaiknnya talks to your doctor before stopping any medication.