Bird flu is an acute respiratory tract that attacks the body’s organs, especially the lungs. In general, bird flu affects pigs. This virus can be transmitted quickly from someone to others around him.
Bird flu was once a pandemic in the world in 2009. However, in 2010 the World Health Organization (WHO) considered the bird flu virus as a common virus that can occur in humans.
If bird flu is not addressed immediately, it is likely that the following diseases will arise:
- Sinus cavity infection
- Ear infections
- Lung infections
- The worsening of previous illness, such as asthma or heart disease
- Failed to breath
- Diagnosis of bird flu is done through examination of body fluids, such as mucus or saliva.
- The doctor will take a sample of nasal mucus or throat and identify the type of virus in the laboratory.
The criteria for flu diagnosis are as follows:
- The presence of symptoms of acute respiratory tract infection within 7 days and having contact with people diagnosed with the H1N1 virus.
- The presence of acute respiratory tract infection symptoms within 7 days, with a history of traveling to areas with high rates of H1N1 virus.
- Acute respiratory tract infections that occur in a person living in a community where at least one person is proven to be exposed to the H1N1 virus.
Symptoms are seen when a person contracted the bird flu virus almost the same as influenza symptoms, such as:
- Sore throat
- Joint pain
- Nausea and vomiting
Bird flu can be handled by doing the following:
Rest enough, to increase endurance
Drink plenty of water, to prevent dehydration
Drink flu drug that can be purchased freely in the pharmacy
Treatment of H1N1 generally does not require special treatment, unless complications arise from the flu. Two antiviral drugs that are recommended to overcome this type of flu are oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza). However, the risk of viral resistance to the drug is increasing, so it should only be given to people at high risk.
Young adult sufferers and no abnormalities in their immune system do not require the drug, because the virus can heal by itself by the immune system.
To reduce symptoms, can also consume fever-lowering drugs, cough/colds, and drugs Antinori.
The main bird flu prevention is to apply the following:
- Perform influenza vaccination every year
- Wash hands regularly
- It does not touch the nose, mouth, or eyes after touching objects that are thought to transmit the virus
- Avoid areas that much-infected bird flu
Bird flu is caused by H1N1 subtype influenza A virus. This virus can be transmitted to humans by contact with pigs or the environment infected by this virus.
However, you will not catch this virus just because of eating pork. Risk factors for this infection are similar to other influenza viruses, such as:
Age over 65 years
Children aged 5 years
Young adults under the age of 19 receive long-term aspirin therapy
People with low immunity, for example in HIV / AIDS patients
Patients with asthma, heart, and diabetes Mellitus