Atopic dermatitis is a type of dermatitis (eczema) that occurs due to inflammation of the skin. This condition may be accompanied by skin that is red, dry and cracked. The inflammation usually last a long time, even for years.
Atopic dermatitis often appears on the skin has folded. As in the forehead of the face, the area around the eyes and the ears, the sides of the neck, inside the elbows, behind the knees, and groin area.
Sometimes atopic dermatitis can also be followed by other allergic diseases. Atopic dermatitis often affects infants and children. However, this condition can also occur in adults.
Atopic dermatitis may cause complications. Complications include:
- A chronic itch that causes scaly skin. A skin condition called neurodermatitis begins with patches of itchy skin.
- Skin infections. Scratching the skin repeatedly can cause open wounds. This increases the
- risk of infection from bacteria and viruses, including herpes simplex virus.
- Eye problems. Symptoms of eye complications including itching around the eyelid, blepharitis (blepharitis), and inflammation of the conjunctiva (conjunctivitis).
- Irritant dermatitis. It mainly affects people whose work requires their hands are often wet and exposed to harsh soaps, detergents, and disinfectants.
- Problems sleeping. Itch cycle can cause you to awaken repeatedly. Ultimately this will reduce the quality of your sleep.
- Behavior problems. Studies show a link between atopic dermatitis and attention-deficit disorder or hyperactivity disorder, especially if children are also losing sleep.
The process of diagnosis in atopic dermatitis do doctor through the collection of information. The doctor will ask you some questions, such as medical history and habits of scratching (pruritus).
Symptoms and signs of atopic dermatitis are the most easily recognizable is itching heavy. Itching sensation usually worse at night. Sometimes enough to disturb the sleep quality of patients.
When the itching worse, you may be hard to resist the urge to scratch. The problem, scratching may make your condition worse. The skin may bleed due to scratching, feels more itching and secondary infection.
In addition to itching, there are other signs that can recognize, such as:
- The skin is reddish or brownish.
- The emergence of small bumps filled with fluid.
- In the long term, the skin will thicken, cracked, scaly, and rough.
Although more often appear on the skin has folds, actually, atopic dermatitis may appear all over the surface of the skin.
Atopic dermatitis treatment focuses on trigger factors, including food allergens. Usually, the doctor will give allergy that has a soporific effect to relieve itching at night. However, if there are symptoms of respiratory, allergy you need a meal that does not give effect sleepy.
Antibiotics will be given if there are other diseases that accompany atopic dermatitis. To prevent skin dryness, keep hydrated and use emollients. Avoid the use of soap is alkaline. If an allergic skin you’re experiencing severe enough, you may only need local corticosteroids by injection.
You can do several things to prevent the recurrence of atopic dermatitis. One of the main things is to avoid precipitating factors. If trigger allergies are dust, avoid dust. If the originators such as milk, avoid all foods and beverages that contain milk. Perform the following points can help you:
- Clean the bedding regularly. Change sheets and pillowcases bolster at least 2 weeks.
- Use a blanket while you sleep, especially if you can not stand the cold air.
- Clean the house regularly.
Here is the cause of atopic dermatitis:
- Food, such as milk, fish, eggs, oranges, peanuts, wheat.
- Non-food allergens, such as dust, detergents, soaps, perfumes.
- Emotional disturbances.
- Temperature extremes, such as cold weather with low humidity and dry weather.