Dyslexia is a disorder in which a person has difficulty reading, writing, and spelling. Dyslexia generally occurs in children and can affect children with more than average intelligence ability.
Until now, the cause of dyslexia is still not known for certain. However, experts suspect that hereditary factors play a major role in the occurrence of this disorder.
The inability to read and write is a complication that will occur in people with dyslexia, if not addressed as soon as possible. This condition will lead to decreased performance and disruption of social interaction.
The diagnosis of dyslexia is made on the basis of differences in intelligence ability (which illustrates the child’s ability to learn) with the results obtained (which illustrate the child’s true achievement). Of course, the child’s intelligence ability should be tested to exclude the possibility of intellectual dysfunction.
In addition, there should also be an examination of the things that might be the cause of learning difficulties. For example the possibility of ADHD disorder (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), disruption to brain development, eye and ear disorders, or other disorders.
At preschool age, dyslexic patients will have the following difficulties:
Fast can walk, but not crawl (nest).
Often reversed in wearing shoes.
More like hearing stories than looking at writing.
Often like not paying attention.
Often stumble, fall, and hit something while walking.
It’s hard to throw and catch the ball, jump, and clap to the rhythm.
For school age, in language and writing skills will have difficulty, such as:
Having trouble reading and spelling.
Hard to memorize the alphabet.
Upside-down letters, such as “b” and “d,” “before” and “but”.
Use your fingers to count.
Do not understand what is read.
Write a long time ago.
Other difficulties experienced during school age are:
Difficult to wear shoelaces.
Difficult to distinguish right-left, sequence of day names or month names.
Loss of confidence.
Handling for dyslexia is through a special approach, not with drugs. The first stage is to determine the diagnosis correctly, then perform various psychological and physical examinations. Followed by a complete evaluation of the weaknesses and advantages of children, of course with the help of teachers at school.
After that, a meeting is held between parents, teachers, and professionals to determine the next steps in improving the way children learn. Parents will also be given instructions on how to help the child at home.
It should be remembered that dyslexia sufferers often exhibit exceptional abilities, for example very innovative, problem-solving very well, and creative. In fact, many people with dyslexia become successful people.
Although the exact cause of dyslexia is not known, experts suspect that the disorder is caused by abnormalities in the skeleton or nerve anatomy, heredity, and the influence of environmental interactions.
If the cause is due to abnormalities in intellectual function, not taught to read, not get a chance to learn, or have a physical illness, it does not belong to dyslexia.