Tooth fusion is an abnormality in which two teeth combine together in part of the enamel layer (enamel), intermediate coating agent and root (dentin) or between the two. Tooth fusion can occur in both permanent teeth and milk teeth and is most common in front teeth.
Tooth fusion is the result of the merging of two emerging seeds. This disease is peculiar to the teeth and some studies say that the pressure produced during development causes contact from the onset of adjacent tooth formation.
The size of the teeth that experience fusion will have abnormalities. In addition, the shape and structure of the tooth will also be different from the normal. Tooth fusion can also occur on one side or both sides of the jaw but is more common in milk teeth than in permanent teeth.
Problems that occur when dental fusion disease is not treated immediately is a problem associated with dental aesthetics. Because, complications that occur can be in the form of cavities, causing difficulties in various dental treatments.
The examination can begin with the clinical and radiological examination. Teeth with fusion have a very similar shape to the germination (see germination). To distinguish it, simply by counting the total number of teeth. If the amount is less than normal, it can be ascertained that the abnormality is dental fusion.
A CT scan can be performed to see the root and pulp spaces, ie the cavity beneath the dentine layer between the protective layer and the tooth root. When a person is exposed to a tooth fusion, then the root condition of his or her teeth can be separate or fused, far from normal.
Tooth fusion can be known by looking at the condition of teeth that there are two teeth joined together. On radiographic examination, it would appear that the joined portion is the enamel layer (the outermost layer of the hard tissue of the tooth) and dentin (the second layer of hard tooth tissue). In people with dental fusion, the space in the tooth that contains the blood vessels and nerves is usually only one, but can also be separated into two.
Patients with dental fusion are advised to make a visit to the dentist as early as possible. Treatment depends on location and extent, so the treatment is quite varied and involves dental experts from various concentrations.
The various areas of dentistry that participate in dental fusion treatment are dental specialists (periodontitis), tooth harmony (orthodontics) and caries prevention and prevention specialists as well as dental aesthetic (conservation) issues. The treatments include patching on the line of the two dental crowns to prevent caries occurring in the area.
There is still a difference of opinion among experts regarding the causes of dental fusion. Some say this is caused by the merging of two seeds of teeth, heredity, race and some also claim to occur by chance.