Nicotine disorders are caused by tobacco use. This includes a very strong desire to smoke a cigarette, so it is difficult to control yourself so as not to smoke. In fact, people with nicotine disorders continue to smoke despite the harmful consequences. They also prioritize smoking more than other activities and obligations.
Though smoking is the leading cause of death in the world other than cancer, heart disease, blood vessels, and lungs. To date, there are about 1.3 billion smokers in the world. Most (84%) are in developing countries, including Indonesia. If smoking continues, then by 2020 there will be 10 million people who die from smoking every year.
Complications of nicotine disorders include heart, lung, cancer, until death. Complications usually appear in their 40s and get worse over time. The longer a person smokes, the higher the likelihood that complications will occur.
The doctor will first conduct a series of medical interviews to diagnose nicotine disorders. In the interview, the doctor will ask about the symptoms, smoking history, previous disease history, family history of illness, and other related information.
Then the doctor will perform a series of physical examinations to check for vital signs and signs that lead to nicotine disorders. Such as examination of blood pressure, heart, lung, and so on.
Furthermore, the doctor will perform investigation if there is any specific indication. Nicotine dependence can be diagnosed in the presence of two of the following eleven symptoms that occurred in the last 12 months:
• Smoking more than usual
• Inability to reduce smoking
• Spend special time often enough to smoke than to perform other important activities
• There is a great desire to smoke and is difficult to avoid
• Smoking activity causes an inability to perform responsibilities at work, school, or home
• Staying smoking despite having a social problem caused by smoking
• Reduced social, occupational, or recreational activity due to smoking
• Smoking is done repeatedly in dangerous places, such as smoking in mattresses
• Staying smoking despite the physical or psychological problems triggered by smoking
• The emergence of nicotine tolerance is characterized by an increase in the number of cigarettes smoked to have the same effect than before
• The appearance of nicotine withdrawal symptoms, namely nausea, dizziness, weight gain, constipation, etc.
The symptoms of nicotine disorders that often occur, among them are:
• Increased blood pressure
• Heart beat
• Weight loss
Additionally, nicotine dependence can also affect a person’s attitude and habits. For example, being difficult to sleep, talking chaotic, and emotional changes (become more sensitive).
In general, the treatment of nicotine disorders is done with nicotine replacement therapy and specialty drugs. The therapy works by replacing nicotine previously obtained from tobacco with nicotine given through patches on the skin. Can also with nicotine rubber permit, nicotine nose spray, nicotine tablets, and others.
Little by little the dose is lowered so that the patient can stop completely. Approximately 50-70% of patients successfully quit smoking in this way.
Another way is by administering buspirone and varenicline drugs. Both of these drugs work on the body to decrease nicotine dependence on the body. However, in addition to these two therapies, the support of the family and the people closest is also very important to determine the success of the patient to be free from nicotine.
To prevent nicotine disorders, of course by not smoking or quitting smoking is the main key. Smoking prevention can be done with education about the dangers of smoking. Currently, information on the dangers of smoking can be obtained from a variety of sources-from counseling conducted by health workers, books, internet, television, magazines, and other media.
Families also have an important role in preventing nicotine disorders. Parents need to educate children not to smoke early, as well as provide a good example for children with no smoking.
For those of you who already already smoke, immediately find a way to quit smoking. It is necessary to quit smoking requires a strong effort and intention. Therefore, stop smoking should also be supported by the family and the environment.
You can also try to quit smoking by following the programs available from trusted websites, or joining in that group
Want to quit smoking. If it is difficult to do it yourself, do not hesitate to consult a doctor. Your doctor can give you an effective program.
The important thing to keep in mind is: smoking does not make a person more cool or slang. Quite the contrary, a person who gets a smoking-related illness, such as heart disease or cancer, can not perform his regular routine in the future. Is that cool and slang? Certainly to live healthy until old age will be much cooler. Think of your future!
This disorder is caused by nicotine contained in cigarettes. These harmful substances can interfere with the work of the brain so it can cause a sense of addiction. It makes a person very likely to experience disorders due to nicotine.
In addition to nicotine, cigarettes contain a variety of other substances that can damage blood vessels causing stroke, heart, kidneys, impotence, and so forth. Cigarettes also contain many toxins that can lead to lung disease and cancer. Not only that, genetic factors can also affect the disorder of nicotine.