Cause of Jaw Joints

Jaw joint disturbance is a disturbance that is directly in the front area of ​​the ear on both sides of the head, where the upper and lower jaws meet. This condition is quite complex because the left and right jaw joints can not move in sync at the time of functioning. Therefore, when the jaw joint is disrupted, there can be a considerable impact on the quality of life.

Ranging from children to the elderly, all potentially affected by jaw joints. However, this disorder is often experienced by adults aged 20-40 years, with the number of women suffers more than men.

Some studies have found that 70-85% of patients often experience a headache and 40% report facial pain. So before treatment is done, the cause of a headache should be identified first. In addition, the dentist is the first medical person who should be able to diagnose symptoms of jaw joint disorders.

Studies in Finland found that many patients with jaw joints experience overdiagnosis and overtreatment because the signs and symptoms of this disease are often not fully understood by practitioners.

Beware of the following symptoms of jaw joints:

  • The pain is right in front of the ear and can spread to the area of ​​the cheeks, ears, and skin.
  • Sometimes the jaw feels like a stuck or locked.
  • Because the position of the ear is very close to the jaw, then some people like to hear a voice in the ear. Sensitivity to sound in the ear will cause dizziness up to vertigo.
  • Can hear sounds when the jaw is chewing or moving the mouth. It is actually very normal, but if there is the pain in the joints, you need to be vigilant.

As a first aid at home, you can try the following ways to ease jaw joints:

  • Drug therapy to relieve swelling and reduce pain.
  • Eat foods with a soft texture like porridge, or it could be by cutting the food into small pieces so that more easily destroyed.
  • Avoid hard and chewy foods, let alone large ones.
  • Compress the side face with ice water for 10 minutes, then compress with the warm towel for 5 minutes. Do it several times a day.

To avoid jaw joints, here are some things you need to pay attention to:

  • Avoid the habit of pressing and closing the teeth. For example when biting objects that are
  • not food, such as pens, pencils, and nails.
  • Avoid calling by pinning it between the neck and cheeks.
  • Keep yourself away from activities that force open your mouth wide.
  • Reduce the cheek and chew on one side of the teeth.

The shape of the lower jaw attached to the joint resembles a sphere and attaches to the skull bone lined by cartilage. The bone is separated by a disc that serves as a silencer for the movement of chewing, opening, or closing the mouth on the joint remains smooth.

When there is interference with the jaw joint, there are several factors that could be the cause, namely:

  • Occlusion
    In this condition, the teeth are arranged fittingly with each other in and between the jaws. Formerly occlusion has always been considered the main cause of jaw joint disorders but lately much debated.


  • Trauma, which can be divided into two:


  • Microtrauma: A sudden large trauma resulting in changes in the structure of the jaw, such as a blow to the face or an accident.
    Microtrauma: Light but repetitive trauma over long periods of time, such as tightening and rubbing the teeth up and down hard. Both of these can cause microtrauma in involved tissues, such as teeth, jaw joints, or muscles.


  • Emotional stress
    Stress often has a very important role in jaw joint disorders. When stress occurs, the energy that arises will be channeled throughout the body. This condition can lead to interference, such as hypertension, asthma, heart disease, or increased contraction of the head and neck muscles.


  • Deep pain input
    It is all activity outside of the normal function and has no functional purpose. For example, habits such as cutting, swiping your teeth up and down hard, biting your nails, chewing on one side, and resting your chin. Patients who do these things, especially tightening and swiping teeth, often report a pain in the jaw joint and fatigue of the facial muscles when waking up.