Fibromyalgia or muscle pain is a syndrome that causes pain and stiffness in the muscles, tendons, and joints throughout the body. This condition is chronic or long-term.
Fibromyalgia can be experienced by anyone. Generally, people with fibromyalgia are women with an age range of 30-50 years. However, do not rule out the possibility of men and children can also have this condition.
This disease can be stand alone or as parts of other diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus disease.
Fibromyalgia including disease is difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are similar to the disease in addition to other, specialized testing for this disease has not been found. Usually, the doctor will ask the patient’s symptoms feel in everyday activities.
Because of the similarity symptoms with many other diseases, there are several criteria that are generally used to help diagnosis, such as:
- Patients experiencing pain severe enough at least for three to six different areas of the body. Alternatively, a mild pain on at least seven different areas of the body.
- Patients feel the same level of severity of symptoms for at least three months.
- There are no other causes of the symptoms experienced by patients.
Prior to ascertain the condition of fibromyalgia, your doctor will do further tests to eliminate the possibility of other diseases. The types of tests carried out are urine tests, blood tests, and X-rays.
Fibromyalgia has many symptoms and is not the same for each patient. The similarity of all the existing symptoms is pain and pain experienced by patients on the entire body.
Mild or absence of symptoms experienced is usually influenced by several things. Among them is the level of patient stress, weather changes, and the level of patient activity everyday.
The main symptoms of fibromyalgia include:
Widespread pain. The pain spread throughout the body or only in a few areas, such as the neck or back. The sensation can be burned or stabbed. This pain will take place continuously, and the severity can vary.
The level of increased sensitivity to pain. Even a soft touch can be extremely painful, and the pain takes a long time to completely disappear. Patients can also be sensitive to other things, such as light or taste of certain foods.
Fatigue. Fibromyalgia can cause extreme fatigue was not powered up at all, so it can not move.
Poor sleep quality. Patients often feel tired even after resting enough.
Cognitive disorders, such as difficulty concentrating or often slurred.
Headache. Usually, this is a result of a stiff neck and shoulders caused by fibromyalgia.
Irritable bowel syndrome, which resulted in patients experiencing constipation or even diarrhea.
Handling fibromyalgia will only relieve the symptoms, but not to cure because until now there is no cure. The doctor will suggest treatment according to the perceived symptoms.
Because fibromyalgia has multiple symptoms, meaning there is no treatment that can handle all existing symptoms. And treatment for one patient will usually differ from other patients.
Patients may be asked to try several types of treatments before finding a match. Usually, this will involve a combination of the use of medications and nonmedical treatments.
- The use of drugs
Generally, the doctor will give you medication to relieve symptoms of fibromyalgia following:
Analgesics, such as paracetamol. Patients should be cautious because pain relievers can trigger addiction. Additionally, if taken within a certain time, in the long run, the body will be immune to treatment becomes futile.
- Antidepressant drugs. This medicine will help the production of several chemical compounds that carry signals to and from the brain, known as neurotransmitters. Side effects may include dizziness, weight gain, and constipation.
- Sleeping pills. Fibromyalgia can affect patients’ sleep patterns. If the patient is getting enough rest, the symptoms of the disease will not be too pronounced.
- other handling
In addressing fibromyalgia treatment is required other than the use of drugs, such as:
oBerendam warm water.
o Cognitive therapy. Patients can find strategies to deal with stress and deal with a positive outlook.
o Relaxation techniques.
The real cause of fibromyalgia is not known with certainty. However, experts say that the condition is caused by several factors, among them:
Abnormal pain signals. Brain, spinal cord, and nerves are the central nervous system that sends signals throughout the body via specialized cells. Change in working practices would make the central nervous system is more sensitive to pain signals.
The imbalance of chemicals, such as dopamine and cortisol.
Heredity. Factors person exposed fibromyalgia will increase if there is a family history of disease together.
Age. Commonly experienced by those aged 30-50 years.
Gender. Men had a lower risk than women to experience fibromyalgia.
Physical or emotional trauma, such as suffering from a viral infection, childbirth, or has experienced a traumatic event such as loss of a spouse.
Diseases associated with muscles, joints, and bones. Eg rheumatoid arthritis.