treating Urticaria or Urticaria

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understanding
Urticaria or hives is a skin reaction that causes a red welt. Initially welt appears on one part of the body, then spread. The shape and size of different stripes.

Urticaria rash is usually itchy, and sometimes can also feel sore. Urticaria symptoms can last for hours and fade away in a few days.

Acute urticaria will recover less than six weeks. Acute urticaria is a common condition, especially in children and women aged 30-60 years and those who have a history of allergies.

While chronic urticaria lasted more than six weeks or is recurrent for several months-even years. Chronic Urticaria can be a symptom of another disease being suffered, such as lupus or thyroid disease.

Patients with urticaria, both acute and chronic, may have angioderma. Angioderma is swelling of deeper skin layers. Generally, angioedema occurred in the eyelids, lips, hands, genitals and legs. Angioderma can be resolved with antihistamines and the use of short-term corticosteroid tablets.

diagnosis
The cause of urticaria can be confirmed after a doctor perform a physical examination and collect information about the symptoms experienced. This is important so that patients can avoid the cause in the future.

Questions to ask a doctor for example, when and how urticaria occurs and if there is something new. For example, eating food that is never eaten before.

If the doctor suspects urticaria as a reaction to the allergen, then he will do a blood test and skin fork test. Both are necessary to determine the allergen. However, more than half the cases of urticaria of unknown cause.

Because of chronic urticaria is rarely caused by an allergic reaction, then allergy testing is rarely done. However, you may have to undergo the examination below to determine the underlying condition of chronic urticaria:

  • Complete blood test, to see if you are anemic or not.
  • Faecal sampling to determine whether there is infection in the intestines.
  • Liver function tests and thyroid function tests.
  • The calculation of the level of antibodies in the blood.
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate test (LED) to recognize a problem with the immune system.

symptom
Welts and rashes that appear usually itchy. Its size and location vary. These lesions can disappear in one part of the body and reappear in other body parts.

Usually biduran will get better without any treatment within two days. However, urticaria may worsen due to the factors below:

  • Consuming liquor
  • caffeine
  • stress
  • A hot air temperature
  • Cold temperatures

If symptoms worsen experienced urticaria and not lost within two days, consult a physician. It could be special handling to ease it.

Urticaria vasculitis. One type of urticaria is urticaria vasculitis, which is when the blood vessels in the skin was inflamed. Welt on this kind endure longer and more painful. These lesions can also leave a bruise.
Anaphylaxis. Urticaria can also be part of the symptoms of anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that occurs suddenly that can be fatal. However, most people who have not reached the level of anaphylactic allergies if exposed to allergy triggers.
Besides urticaria, symptoms of anaphylaxis include:

Swelling of the eyelids, lips, hands and feet
Shortness of breath caused by narrowing of the airways
Abdominal pain and vomiting
There is a high risk of anaphylaxis in patients with asthma or eczema. Although expressed as a serious condition, the patient can recover completely original anaphylactic dealt with quickly and appropriately.

Treatment
Most cases of urticaria do not require treatment, because normally quite mild and will heal in a few days. If treatment is required, will be conducted in accordance causes and degree of symptoms experienced.

acute Urticaria

This type of urticaria symptoms lasts no longer than six weeks. Typically, drugs are given to treat acute urticaria include:

  • Antihistamines. These drugs will stop the itching and reduce lesions by inhibiting histamine. Examples of these drugs are cetirizine. Pregnant women should not consume this drug because the effect is not known.
    Corticosteroids. The drug is administered to inhibit the immune system’s performance, which can reduce severe urticaria. Examples of these drugs are prednisolone. Not advised to take this drug in the long-term because it can cause side effects hypertension, cataracts, and diabetes.
  • chronic Urticaria
    Buran handling this kind aims to control symptoms arise and avoid triggers that can aggravate the condition. The treatment includes:
    H1 and H2 antihistamines
    As long as the symptoms last, you should eat regularly H1 antihistamine. Drug doses adjusted to the symptoms. If these medications do not relieve your symptoms, before giving antihistamines H2, the doctor will give rupatadine. These drugs include antihistamines H1 still, but more effectively address chronic urticaria.
    H2 antihistamines can be consumed if the onset of wounds worse. It will narrow the blood vessels to reduce redness. H2 antihistamine side effects include diarrhea, headache, and dizziness.
  • corticosteroids
    Chronic urticaria can be treated with corticosteroids. However, these drugs can not be used in the long term because it has side effects, including increased appetite, change of mood, and difficulty sleeping.
    Leukotriene receptor antagonists
    This drug can help relieve welt and redness of the skin. Can be used as a substitute for corticosteroids for milder side effects, such as a headache and nausea.
    cyclosporine
    The way this drug works like corticosteroids. Can be administered in the form of capsules or syrup. Cyclosporine suppresses bad effects due to autoimmune. Side effects include high blood pressure, kidney problems, increased cholesterol levels, and headache.
  • Omalizumab
    Urticaria unresponsive to treatment antihistamines, omalizumab may be used as an alternative to medicine. Given in the form of injections. Omalizumab serves to reduce the type of antibody that acts cause urticaria.

You can do the following things to relieve the symptoms experienced:

  • Do not scratch the lesions or rash.
  • Avoid using soaps containing harsh chemicals.
  • Avoid triggering factors such as caffeinated drinks or painkillers.
  • Apply a moisturizing cream or conditioning on the affected skin area urticaria.

If you already know the causes or factors that can aggravate experienced urticaria, avoid those triggers. The food or beverage can be easily avoided trigger sufferers. If you suspect bid ran is because you are taking certain medications, consult a doctor who provides for replacement medications should be sought immediately.

Difficult to avoid triggering factor is stress, especially if you are experiencing symptoms that adversely affect the quality of life. If you are including chronic urticaria, try relaxation techniques to reduce stress and relieve symptoms.

Cause
Urticaria appears triggered by high levels of histamine and other chemicals are released into the skin. Then, histamine and other chemicals that make blood vessels widen so blood flow increases. This causes the skin look red.
There are two types of urticaria which are divided based on the duration and severity of symptoms, namely:

Urticaria Acute or short-term

This is the kind biduran symptoms will dissipate no more than six weeks. Most causes of acute urticaria of unknown cause. However, there are some things that are recognized as triggers of acute urticaria, namely:

  • Food allergies, such as seafood
  • Environmental factors, such as the temperature is too hot or too cold
  • Infection, whether mild colds to serious infections such as HIV
  • insect bite
  • The side effects of certain medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or antibiotics
  • stress

Acute urticaria caused by food, beverages, or drugs are easier to avoid. In contrast, if acute urticaria caused by stress, due to these causes are difficult to avoid.

chronic Urticaria
Chronic Urticaria can arise as a reaction of autoimmune. Autoimmune occurs when a person’s immune system to attack healthy cells or tissues of his own body. Antibodies produced by the immune system triggers the release of histamine and this resulted in chronic urticaria.

Chronic Urticaria can also occur as a result of infection of the liver, disorders of the thyroid gland, and the presence of parasites in the digestive tract. Not yet fully known cause of autoimmune. This condition can occur in patients with autoimmune diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.

Chronic Urticaria be recurrent. Welt will appear and disappear within a certain time. Some chronic urticaria triggering factors, among them:

A hot air temperature
Eating certain medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories and painkillers
Consuming beverages containing alcohol or caffeine
experiencing stress
Wearing clothes that are too tight for a long time
Eating the additives in the food or drink
Insect bites or stings

Cause
Urticaria appears triggered by high levels of histamine and other chemicals are released into the skin. Then, histamine and other chemicals that make blood vessels widen so blood flow increases.

This causes the skin look red.
There are two types of urticaria which are divided based on the duration and severity of symptoms, namely:

Urticaria Acute or short-term

This is the kind bid ran symptoms will dissipate no more than six weeks. Most causes of acute urticaria of unknown cause. However, there are some things that are recognized as triggers of acute urticaria, namely:

  • A hot air temperature
  • Eating certain medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories and painkillers
  • Consuming beverages containing alcohol or caffeine
  • experiencing stress
  • Wearing clothes that are too tight for a long time
  • Eating the additives in the food or drink
  • Insect bites or stings

 

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