This condition occurs when there is an object that comes from outside the body enters the eye. These objects can be anything, whether dust particles, metals, and so on.
The foreign body is one cause of injury to the cornea and other eye diseases most frequently occur. The severity of damage to the eye depends on the size of foreign matter, the speed of the influx, and the type of the object itself.
If foreign objects get inside, then it should be removed. Let it drag will aggravate the disease, it can even cause blindness. When a foreign object gets into the eye, will occur the following circumstances:
- mechanical effects
Foreign objects that enter will penetrate the cornea, which can creep into the anterior chamber. If the object is small, it will be settled in the corner of the eye chamber. However, if the object continues to get into, then going through the part of the iris.
If the lens of the eye, it will cause cataracts. When you sign up to the retina, it will show the white viscous liquid and the deposition of red blood cells in the retina. This condition can damage the retina and cause blindness.
When a foreign object gets into the eye, the risk for inflammation and infection will occur. Foreign objects usually contain germs, and the eye is a good medium for the growth of germs.
Once the bacteria enter, the tissue around the eyes will begin to be infected, and it may cause inflammation. Infections were left too long will lead to complications such as blindness.
- Changes in the eye tissue
The entry of certain objects can leave scars that persist, and cause changes in the development of eye tissue.
The entry of foreign matter in the eye can cause a number of complications, such as:
- Keratitis: Inflammation of the lining of the cornea of the eye.
- Corneal ulcers: The presence of open sores in the lining of the cornea.
- Traumatic cataract: Cataracts are caused by the entry of objects up into the lens.
- Perforation: Rupture of the eyeball complications due to sharp objects or open sores on the cornea that was not treated properly.
A foreign body in the eye can be detected through a doctor-patient interview and physical examination. The doctor will ask the patient’s activity, time, and how these objects into the eye. Because these things are very important for diagnosis.
Meanwhile, the physical examination is usually done is:
- General inspection / Subjective: Examination of visual acuity of the patient, to determine the presence or decrease in visual function. However, usually, foreign objects do not degrade the function of vision. Except, foreign objects in the form of chemicals.
- Examination objective: This check is performed to see is there any abnormalities around the eyes, such as red eye, bleeding around the eye, swelling around the eyelids, as well as whether visible foreign bodies lodged in the cornea. The doctor will also check the state of the eyelids, cornea, anterior chamber, pupil, lens, movement of the eyeball, and so on.
- Special examinations: Radiographs and CT scan of the orbit are sometimes necessary to assess the degree of injury, and if there is a suspicion of a foreign body in the eye.
Here are the symptoms and signs that would occur if there is a foreign body in the eye:
Is the damage that occurs in the cornea. Perceived symptoms are:
- The sensation will be a foreign body in the eye. It will make you want to blink constantly
- Glare when viewing the light
- Excessive tear production
- Red eye
- Pain in the eye
2. Intra Ocular
Is the damage that occurs in the deeper part of the cornea, such as iris and lens. This condition can be caused by a hard blow. For example in an explosion, or may be a sharp object pierced eyeball. Symptoms are felt is out of fluid and blood from inside the eye.
Do the following if you are hit by a foreign object in the eye:
- Do not rub or press the eyeball.
- Do not use tools, like tweezers and a cotton bud to remove the object from the eye.
- Restrict the movement of the eyeball.
- Bandage the eye with a clean cloth or sterile gauze.
- If the object is too large, use a cloth aid to help cover the eyes.
- If there is a sharp object like a knife stab, do not do extractions.
- If liquids or chemicals, wash with running water for 1-2 minutes.
- If faced with the circumstances above, immediately go to the hospital to get help.
Foreign body in the eye treatment aims to reduce pain, prevent infection, and prevent permanent damage to the function.If included mild and confined to the cornea, the doctor will remove the object with a cotton bud swabs and sterile needle tip with the help of a special lamp.
In severe cases like jab sharps, needed surgery as soon as possible to handle it. The doctor also will provide anti-pain medication to relieve pain. If necessary, will also be given antibiotics to prevent infection.
To avoid the entry of foreign objects into the eyes, wear eye protection when working with objects carpentry, such as chainsaws, lawnmowers, hammers and grinders. Do the same thing when working with using chemicals and driving a motorcycle.
Usually, the cause of the entry of foreign objects into the eye is a metal object. Example: gold, silver, lead, zinc, nickel, aluminum, copper, and iron.
In addition, the nonmetallic objects such as contact lenses, makeup tools, stone, glass, fabric, eyelashes, also could be the cause. Lastly, be careful when interacting with chemicals, such as soaps, detergents, acids and alkaline substances.