Symptoms, Treatment of Ulcer (Furuncle / Furuncle)

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understanding
Boils (furuncles) is a bacterial infection that triggers inflammation in the hair follicle (the hole where the hair grows). At first, the skin in the area of ​​infection becomes red and blisters. After four to seven days, the lump began with pus and pain.

Boils generally appear in areas of skin that have hair, often sweating, and rubbing -like face, neck, armpits, buttocks and thighs. However, it is possible to surface ulcers

diagnosis
Boils generally heal on their own without medical treatment. However, you should immediately check to the doctor if they have ulcers following conditions:

  • Appears on the face, nose, or spine. This can lead to complications
  • Enlarged to a diameter measuring more than 5 cm
  • Not healed in 14 days

You are also advised to consult a doctor if ulcers appear coir, or feel the additional symptoms such as fever.

Doctors usually diagnose a boil just by looking at the patient’s skin condition. If the infection is recurrent or does not resolve with treatment previously given, the doctor will suggest investigations such as blood tests in the laboratory. This check is performed to determine the appropriate antibiotics to fight bacteria that cause ulcers.

symptom
Ulcer started with a small hard lump, red, and painful. A few days later, the lump softened and enlarged, and the pain was increased. Not long, pus pockets will be formed at the top of the bump.

Ulcers rarely require medical treatment because it can heal itself. However, if the condition gets worse, you need to see a doctor. The signs are as follows:

  • Fever
  • Lump continued to grow and hurt
  • Amounted to more than one in the same area, known as boils coir
  • The lymph nodes swell
  • Never boils dry
    Have a problem with the immune system, or medications that interfere with the immune system and cause mute

Treatment
Most cases of ulcers can be cured by itself and can be overcome with self-care at home. However, some cases require treatment from a doctor.

  1. Self Care
    One way to speed the healing process is to compress the boil with fabrics that have previously been dipped in warm water. Make a warm compress for 10 minutes, three to four times each day.
    Warmer temperatures will increase blood circulation around ulcers. It makes will be white blood cells that shipped the immune system to aid in healing.
    When boils broke out, cover with sterile gauze so that the infection does not spread to other areas. Afterward, make sure you wash your hands with warm water and soap. This will help keep the bacteria do not spread to other areas of the body or even to other individuals.
    If the pain felt can not be arrested, you can take painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen.
  2. Drying-Ulcer
    If the size of the ulcer is rather large and feels soft, consult a doctor. Ulcers with these characteristics generally will not break by itself and can not be treated with antibiotics.
    The doctor may remove the pus by performing minor surgery. Before the act is done, the area will boil a local anesthetic to be immune. Then, the top of the ulcers will be pierced with needles or scalpels are sterilized first.
    The process aims to make the push out of the boils until completion. The pain will subside and the healing process will begin. But do not ever solve the ulcer itself, because it will only make the infection spread to other areas.

  3. Antibiotics
Your doctor will usually prescribe antibiotics if:
o There boils coir
o There is a fever
o There was a secondary infection, such as cellulitis
o Location boils on the face because it is more vulnerable to infection
o You feel pain and discomfort

Antibiotics are usually given a doctor is called penicillin-based antibiotics flucloxacillin. If you are allergic to penicillin, erythromycin and alternatively can take clarithromycin.
It should be noted that antibiotics should be consumed even when ulcers had healed. This is useful in order to complete healing and infection is not repeated.

Ulcer and Ulcer Treatment-Emergent Coir Repeats
Ulcers and sores coir recurring require further treatment. Most patients experience recurrent ulcers because they are carriers of the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. If so, specific treatment should be done so that the bacteria can be suppressed completely.

Treatment depends on the location of Staphylococcus bacteria on your body. Bacteria on the skin surface can be overcome by using antibacterial soap. If the bacteria are in the nose, then you need to use an antiseptic cream for 10 days.

Ulcer complications
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Scar
Sized ulcers or ulcers coir sometimes leave scars. These scars will not disappear completely, but it will fade over time and will not be too visible as before. If you are worried about a scar will disturb the appearance, there are several types of treatments that can be done, for example:
Injecting corticosteroid that will help deflate scarring.
Plastic surgery.
As an alternative, you can use cosmetics to disguise the scars are there.

  1. Infections Spread
    Bacteria in the abscess or boil fiber can sometimes spread to other organs and lead to secondary infections. Cellulitis is most common secondary infection often associated with ulcers and boils coir.

Other secondary infections that may arise are:

  • Impetigo – a contagious skin infection that can cause cuts and abrasions.
  • Septic arthritis – joint infections.
  • Osteomyelitis – an infection that is formed in the bone.
  • Endocarditis – an infection of the inner lining of the heart.
  • Sepsis – a blood infection.
  • Brain abscesses – pus that forms in the brain.
  • Some of the infections need to be addressed with antibiotic injections. For the case of blood poisoning and brain abscess, you must be treated in the intensive care unit (ICU).

2. Cavernous sinus thrombosis
This is a rare complication of boils that can threaten the lives of sufferers. Starting from when the infection triggers a blood clot in the back room of eye bags. Blood clots then will put pressure on the brain that can lead to:

  • Headache.
  • Puffy eyes.
  • Pain in the eyes.

If not promptly given antibiotic treatment, cavernous sinus thrombosis can be fatal.

Prevention
Ulcers are not always preventable, but by doing the following simple steps can reduce your risk:

  • Clean the skin with regular use antibacterial soap.
  • Always clean scratches, open wounds, or insect bites.
  • Keep abrasions, open wounds, and insect bites by using sterile bandage until the wound is healed.

Living a healthy lifestyle by eating nutritious foods and regular exercise. It will boost the immune system that will reduce the risk of skin infections.

How To Boils Not Spread

When you suffer from ulcers, it is important to ensure that the infection does not spread to other parts of the body as well as others. You can do this by:

  • Washing hands with antibacterial soap every time out touching ulcers.
  • Wash clothes, sheets, and towels with high temperatures.
  • Using a different towel to areas of the face and body.
  • Wearing sterile gauze to cover the wound to truly heal.
  • Routine replace sterile gauze cover ulcers.
  • Noting waste handling sterile gauze. Should be put in plastic and sealed before being discharged into the trash.
  • Avoid saunas, fitness center and swimming pool to healthy skin condition back.
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