ADHD, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, better known as hyperactivity. ADHD is a developmental disorder in an increase in motor activity of children that can last until adulthood. This condition causes the sufferer tend to be hyperactive, impulsive, and it was hard to concentrate.
Some of the complications that can occur in people with ADHD is a disorder in learning that interferes with academic achievement, increasing the incidence of accidents such as head injuries or fractures, a sense of low self-esteem, difficulty interacting with others, so vulnerable to consuming drugs or alcohol.
Until now, no one checks that can diagnose ADHD. In general, for diagnosing ADHD, a person must have symptoms that last more than six months. The symptoms must also appear in different situations.
Usually, the doctor will diagnose ADHD based on the guidelines of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual. The doctor will also check vision and hearing. The additional examination which may be done is electroencephalograph.
If ADHD occurs in adults, then the doctor will have to dig a history as a child and teenager. In addition, doctors also have to interview couples wife or husband, as well as inspection neurologist.
The symptoms of the ADHD condition may vary, ranging from mild to severe. ADHD symptoms are already visible since the age of the baby is:
• Sensitivity to noise and light
• Frequent crying
• Likes scream
• Difficulty sleeping
• Difficult breastfed
• Not happy when picked up
Meanwhile, the symptoms seen in older children is:
• Always move or active
• Easily bored
• Looks awkward
• Frequent accidents, for example, dropped or bumped
• More fuss than other children
• Lack of concentration
• Easy to get angry
• poor appetite
• Coordination of the eye and the hand is not good
• Like to hurt yourself
• Having trouble sleeping
ADHD is generally difficult to cure. Things you can do is reduce the symptoms so that the condition is not a problem in everyday life.
If the symptoms were relapsed, do not panic and easy emotions. Immediately take your child to the doctor for consultation. Remember, patience in dealing with children’s behavior is the key to avoiding unwanted risks.
Here is the important thing to do if you have a child with ADHD:
• Provide nutritious foods high
• Encourage the child to communicate and tell
• Plan the day children with quality activity
• Balance breaks and physical activity of children.
• Give children clear instructions when you ask him to do something
• Keep sharp objects and breakable objects out of reach of children
If you are suffering from ADHD, apply the following things:
• Create a daily plan and try to always implement the plan
• Perform regular exercise
• Find ways to relax
• Take control of your doctor regularly
• If you have a job, discuss your condition with superiors and colleagues
In addition to these methods, there are several therapies that can also be done on patients, namely:
Drug therapy. Drugs are usually given drugs known as methylphenidate, dexamfetamine, lisdexamfetamine, and atomoxetine.
Nutrition and diet therapy. People who suffer from ADHD should implement a highly nutritious diet and balanced. Avoid consumption of foods containing preservatives or artificial coloring.
Supplement. Some studies suggest that omega-3 and omega-6 can provide benefit for patients with ADHD.
Other therapies. Other therapies that can be done is psychoeducation, behavioral therapy, social therapy, to cognitive behavioral therapy.
To prevent ADHD, the thing you have to do is to avoid risk factors. Make checks to the doctor regularly during pregnancy as well as eating nutritious foods. Avoid foods that contain preservatives and artificial coloring. Do not forget to exercise regularly and diligently consume water.
The cause of ADHD is not known with certainty. However, a number of studies reveal that ADHD may be caused by genetic disorders and environmental or nongenetic.
Here are some nongenetic factors that are believed to increase a person to suffer from ADHD:
• Mothers who smoke or consume alcohol while pregnant
• Mothers who are exposed to toxic substances from the environment around
• Premature birth
• Low birth weight.
• Abandon children, child abuse
• The chemicals in food, such as food coloring
• Lack of early detection